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Cancer

Lung cancer deaths, 2009

Decrease desired

C-2 graph

Objective C-2

SOURCE: National Vital Statistics System—Mortality (NVSS-M), CDC/NCHS.
NOTES: Data are for ICD-10 code C34 reported as underlying cause of death and are age adjusted using the year 2000 standard population. Beginning in 2003 multiple-race data were reported by some states; multiple-race data were bridged to the single-race categories. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
I = 95% confidence interval.

In 2009, 48.4 deaths per 100,000 population (age adjusted) were due to lung cancer. This rate varied by race and ethnicity as well as by sex. For example, the non-Hispanic black population had 53.1 deaths per 100,000 (age adjusted) that were due to lung cancer, over two and a half times the rate in the Hispanic or Latino population, 19.6 per 100,000. Males had 61.8 deaths per 100,000 population (age adjusted) that were due to lung cancer, over one and a half times the rate among females, 38.5 per 100,000.


Female breast cancer deaths, 1999–2009

Decrease desired

C-3 graph

Objective C-3

SOURCE: National Vital Statistics System—Mortality (NVSS-M), CDC/NCHS.
NOTES: Data are for ICD-10 code C50 reported as underlying cause of death and are age adjusted using the year 2000 standard population. Prior to 2003 only one race category could be recorded; recording more than one race was not an option. Beginning in 2003 multiple-race data were reported by some states; multiple-race data were bridged to the single-race categories for comparability. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

The female breast cancer death rate declined 17.3% between 1999 and 2009, from 26.6 to 22.3 per 100,000 population (age adjusted), and varied by race and ethnicity. For example, in 2009, non-Hispanic black females had 31.2 deaths per 100,000 population (age adjusted) that were due to breast cancer, over two and a half times the rate among Asian or Pacific Islander females, 11.4 per 100,000.


Colorectal cancer screening, adults, 2010

Increase desired

C-16 graph

Objective C-16 View Leading Health Indicators

SOURCE: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS.
NOTES: Data are for the proportion of persons aged 50–75 who were screened for colorectal cancer based on the current U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) guidelines (fecal occult blood testing annually, sigmoidoscopy every 5 years with fecal occult blood testing every 3 years, or colonoscopy every 10 years). Data are age adjusted using the year 2000 standard population. Respondents were asked to select one or more races. Data for the single-race categories are for persons who reported only one racial group. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
FPL = Federal Poverty Level.
I = 95% confidence interval.

In 2010, 59.2% (age adjusted) of adults aged 50–75 were screened for colorectal cancer based on the current USPSTF guidelines (fecal occult blood testing annually, sigmoidoscopy every 5 years with fecal occult blood testing every 3 years, or colonoscopy every 10 years). The rate of colorectal cancer screening based on the current USPSTF guidelines varied by race and ethnicity as well as by family income:

  • 61.6% (age adjusted) of non-Hispanic white adults aged 50–75 were screened for colorectal based on the current USPSTF guidelines, compared with: 47.8% of Asian adults aged 50–75; 47.2% of Hispanic or Latino adults aged 50–75; and 45.6% of American Indian or Alaska Native adults aged 50–75. When expressed as adults aged 50–75 not screened for colorectal cancer based on the current USPSTF guidelines, rates for the American Indian or Alaska Native, Hispanic or Latino, and Asian populations were almost one and a half times the rate for the non-Hispanic white population.
  • Rates decreased as family incomes decreased. 72.9% (age adjusted) of adults aged 50–75 whose family incomes were at or above 600% of the Federal Poverty Level (FPL) were screened for colorectal based on the current USPSTF guidelines, compared with 38.7% of those below the FPL. When expressed as adults aged 50–75 not screened for colorectal cancer using the current guidelines, the rate for those with family incomes below the FPL was almost two and a half times the rate for those at or above 600% of the FPL.

Sun safety behavior, adolescents, 2011

Increase desired

C-20.5 graph

Objective C-20.5

SOURCE: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS.
NOTES: Data are for the proportion of students in grades 9–12 who reported sun safety behavior. Sun safety behavior for adolescents is defined as use of sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher “always” or “most of the time.” Respondents were asked to select one or more races. Data for the single-race categories are for persons who reported only one racial group. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
I = 95% confidence interval.

In 2011, 10.8% of adolescents in grades 9–12 reported sun safety behavior (e.g., use of sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher “always” or “most of the time”). This rate varied by race and ethnicity as well as by sex. For example, 14.4% of Asian adolescents in grades 9–12 reported sun safety behavior, compared with 4.8% of non-Hispanic black adolescents. 14.4% of female adolescents in grades 9–12 reported sun safety behavior, compared with 7.3% of male adolescents.


Sun safety behavior, adults, 2010

Increase desired

C-20.6 graph

Objective C-20.6

SOURCE: National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), CDC/NCHS.
NOTES: Data are for the proportion of adults aged 18 and over who reported sun safety behavior and are age adjusted using the year 2000 standard population. Sun safety behavior in adults is defined as “always” or “most of the time”: staying in the shade; wearing a hat that covers the face, ears, and neck; wearing a long-sleeved shirt; wearing long pants or clothing that reaches the ankles; or use of sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher. Respondents were asked to select one or more races. Data for the single-race categories are for persons who reported only one racial group. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
I = 95% confidence interval.

In 2010, 70.0% (age adjusted) of adults aged 18 and over reported sun safety behavior (e.g., “always” or “most of the time”: staying in the shade; wearing a hat that covers the face, ears, and neck; wearing a long-sleeved shirt; wearing long pants or clothing that reaches the ankles; or use of sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher). This rate varied by race and ethnicity as well as by sex. For example, 74.9% (age adjusted) of Hispanic or Latino adults reported sun safety behavior, compared with 62.9% of adults of two or more races. 73.4% (age adjusted) of female adults reported sun safety behavior, compared with 66.5% of male adults.

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