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Nutrition and Weight Status

Find evidence-based information and recommendations related to Nutrition and Weight Status.

RatingResourceYearEvidence Type
Nutrition and Weight Status
Obesity Prevention and Control: Behavioral Interventions to Reduce Screen Time
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2013 Systematic Review
Nutrition and Weight Status
Obesity Prevention and Control: Technology-Supported Multicomponent Coaching or Counseling Interventions to Maintain Weight Loss. (Community Guide Recommendations)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2013 Systematic Review
Nutrition and Weight Status
Effectiveness of Primary Care—Relevant Treatments for Obesity in Adults:
USPSTF
2011 Systematic Review, Randomized Controlled Trial, Experimental Study, Cohort Study, Case-Control Study, Field-Based Summary or Case Study, Expert Opinion
Nutrition and Weight Status
Recommendations for worksite-based interventions to improve workers' health. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2010 Systematic Review
Nutrition and Weight Status
Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010
USDA/CNPP, HHS/OASH
2010 Systematic Review, Non-Systematic Review, Randomized Controlled Trial, Experimental Study, Cohort Study, Case-Control Study, Cross-Sectional or Prevalence Study
Nutrition and Weight Status
Effectiveness of Weight Management Interventions in Children: A Targeted Systematic Review for the USPSTF
USPSTF
2010 Systematic Review, Randomized Controlled Trial, Expert Opinion
Nutrition and Weight Status
A recommendation to improve employee weight status through worksite health promotion programs targeting nutrition, physical activity, or both. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2009 Systematic Review
Nutrition and Weight Status
Deficiency Anemia in Childhood and Pregnancy: Update of the 1996 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Review
USPSTF
2006 Systematic Review, Randomized Controlled Trial, Experimental Study, Cohort Study, Case-Control Study, Expert Opinion
Nutrition and Weight Status
Behavioral Counseling in Primary Care To Promote a Healthy Diet: Recommendations and Rationale
USPSTF
2003 Systematic Review, Randomized Controlled Trial, Experimental Study, Case-Control Study, Field-Based Summary or Case Study, Expert Opinion
Nutrition and Weight Status
Clinical Guidelines on the Identification, Evaluation, and Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Adults: The Evidence Report
NIH/NHLBI
1998 Systematic Review, Randomized Controlled Trial, Experimental Study, Cross-Sectional or Prevalence Study, Field-Based Summary or Case Study, Expert Opinion
Nutrition and Weight Status
Accelerating Progess in Obesity Prevention: Solving the Weight of the Nation
IOM
2012 Non-Systematic Review, Randomized Controlled Trial, Experimental Study, Cohort Study, Cross-Sectional or Prevalence Study, Field-Based Summary or Case Study, Expert Opinion
Nutrition and Weight Status
Strategies To Prevent Obesity and Other Chronic Diseases: The CDC Guide to Strategies To Increase the Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables
CDC/NCCDPHP
2011 Non-Systematic Review, Experimental Study, Cross-Sectional or Prevalence Study, Field-Based Summary or Case Study, Expert Opinion
Nutrition and Weight Status
School Health Guidelines To Promote Healthy Eating and Physical Activity
CDC/MMWR
2011 Randomized Controlled Trial, Experimental Study, Cohort Study, Cross-Sectional or Prevalence Study, Expert Opinion
Nutrition and Weight Status
Strategies To Reduce Sodium Intake in the United States
National Academy of Sciences
2010 Non-Systematic Review, Cross-Sectional or Prevalence Study, Field-Based Summary or Case Study, Expert Opinion
Nutrition and Weight Status
Nutrition Standards for Foods in Schools: Leading the Way Toward Healthier Youth
National Academy of Sciences
2007 Non-Systematic Review, Field-Based Summary or Case Study, Expert Opinion
Nutrition and Weight Status
Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Protein, and Amino Acids (Macronutrients)
National Academy of Sciences
2005 Non-Systematic Review
Nutrition and Weight Status
Preventing Childhood Obesity: Health in the Balance
IOM
2005 Non-Systematic Review, Randomized Controlled Trial, Experimental Study, Cohort Study, Cross-Sectional or Prevalence Study, Field-Based Summary or Case Study, Expert Opinion
 

The Healthy People 2020 evidence-based resources identified have been selected by subject matter experts at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Resources. Each of the selected evidence-based resources has been rated and classified according to a set of selection criteria based, in part, on publication status, publication type, and number of studies. This classification scheme does not necessarily consider all dimensions of quality, such as statistical significance, effect size (e.g., magnitude of effect), meaningfulness of effect, additional effect over control, and study design (e.g., sample size, power, internal validity, external validity, generalizability, potential biases, potential confounders).

 

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Clinical Recommendations

The following clinical recommendations come from the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) External Web Site Policy.

Behavioral Counseling in Primary Care to Promote a Healthy Diet

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends intensive behavioral dietary counseling for adult patients with hyperlipidemia and other known risk factors for cardiovascular and diet-related chronic disease. Intensive counseling can be delivered by primary care clinicians or by referral to other specialists, such as nutritionists or dietitians. Learn more External Web Site Policy

Screening for Iron Deficiency Anemia—Including Iron Supplementation for Children and Pregnant Women

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends routine iron supplementation for asymptomatic children aged 6 to 12 months who are at increased risk for iron deficiency anemia. Learn more External Web Site Policy

Screening for Obesity in Adults

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that clinicians screen all adult patients for obesity and offer intensive counseling and behavioral interventions to promote sustained weight loss for obese adults. Learn more External Web Site Policy

Screening for Obesity in Children and Adolescents

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that clinicians screen children aged 6 years and older for obesity and offer them or refer them to comprehensive, intensive behavioral interventions to promote improvement in weight status. Learn more External Web Site Policy

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Consumer Information

The following consumer resources are from healthfinder.gov.

Healthy Snacks: Quick tips for parents

Snacks give kids important nutrients and help control hunger between meals. Get ideas for healthy snacks your kids will enjoy.

Losing Weight: Conversation starters

Talking with a friend or family member about losing weight can be hard. If you want to help a loved one reach a healthy weight, these tips can help you get the conversation started.

Heart Healthy Foods: Shopping list

Use this list the next time you go food shopping to help you choose heart healthy foods.

Keep Your Heart Healthy

Take steps today to reduce your risk of heart disease.

Eat Healthy

Your body needs the right vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients to stay healthy.

Watch Your Weight

To stay at a healthy weight, balance the calories you eat with the calories you burn (use up). If you need to lose weight, start by setting small goals.

Get Enough Calcium

Get enough calcium every day to keep your bones strong. Calcium can help prevent osteoporosis (bone loss).

Have a Healthy Pregnancy

Eat healthy, stay active, and see your doctor or midwife regularly.

Help Your Child Stay at a Healthy Weight

Help your child stay at a healthy weight by balancing what your child eats with physical activity.

Take Steps to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes

You can lower your risk of type 2 diabetes by eating healthy and staying active.

Eat Less Sodium: Quick tips

Use these tips to help reduce the amount of sodium (salt) in your diet. Most people eat much more sodium than they need.

Low Sodium Foods: Shopping list

Use this list the next time you go food shopping to help you choose foods low in sodium (salt). Most people eat much more sodium than they need.

Healthy Eating: Conversation starters

Sometimes a family member or friend could use a little encouragement to make a healthy change. Use these tips to start a conversation about eating healthy.

Calcium: Shopping list

Use this list the next time you go food shopping to help you choose foods high in calcium.

Eat Healthy During Pregnancy: Quick tips

Use these tips to choose foods that will help you have a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby.

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