Skip Navigation

HIV

Find evidence-based information and recommendations related to HIV.

RatingResourceYearEvidence Type
HIV
Recommendations for group-based behavioral interventions to prevent adolescent pregnancy, Human Immunodeficiency Virus, and other sexually transmitted infections: comprehensive risk reduction and abstinence education. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2012 Systematic Review
HIV
Health Communication and Social Marketing: Health Communication Campaigns That Include Mass Media and Health-Related Product Distribution. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2011 Systematic Review
HIV
Recommendations to increase testing and identification of HIV-positive individuals through partner counseling and referral services. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2007 Systematic Review
HIV
Recommendations for use of behavioral interventions to reduce the risk of sexual transmission of HIV among men who have sex with men. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2007 Systematic Review
HIV
Revised Recommendations for HIV Testing of Adults, Adolescents, and Pregnant Women in Health-Care Settings
CDC/MMWR
2006 Systematic Review
HIV
Guidelines for the Use of Antiretroviral in HIV-1 Infected Adults and Adolescents.
NIH/Office of AIDS Research
2012 Non-Systematic Review, Expert Opinion
HIV
High-impact Prevention: CDC’s Approach to Reducing HIV Infection in the United States.
CDC/National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention
2011 Non-Systematic Review
HIV
National HIV/AIDS Strategy for the United States.
The White House/Office of National AIDS Policy
2010 Non-Systematic Review, Expert Opinion
HIV
Incorporating HIV Prevention into the Medical Care of Persons Living with HIV: Recommendations of CDC, the Health Resources and Services Administration, the National Institutes of Health, and the HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society
CDC/MMWR
2003 Non-Systematic Review
 

The Healthy People 2020 evidence-based resources identified have been selected by subject matter experts at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Resources. Each of the selected evidence-based resources has been rated and classified according to a set of selection criteria based, in part, on publication status, publication type, and number of studies. This classification scheme does not necessarily consider all dimensions of quality, such as statistical significance, effect size (e.g., magnitude of effect), meaningfulness of effect, additional effect over control, and study design (e.g., sample size, power, internal validity, external validity, generalizability, potential biases, potential confounders).

 

Back to Top

Clinical Recommendations

The following clinical recommendations come from the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) External Web Site Policy.

Screening for Gonorrhea

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that clinicians screen all sexually active women, including those who are pregnant, for gonorrhea infection if they are at increased risk for infection (that is, if they are young or have other individual or population risk factors). Learn more External Web Site Policy

Screening for HIV

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that clinicians screen all pregnant women for HIV. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) strongly recommends that clinicians screen for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) all adolescents and adults at increased risk for HIV infection.

Back to Top

 

Consumer Information

The following consumer resources are from healthfinder.gov.

STD Testing: Conversation starters

The only way to know for sure if you have a sexually transmitted disease (STD) is to get tested. Use these tips to talk to your partner about getting tested together.

HIV Testing: Questions for the doctor

The only way to know if you have HIV is to get tested. Use these questions to talk to your doctor about getting tested.

Have a Healthy Pregnancy

Eat healthy, stay active, and see your doctor or midwife regularly.

Get Tested for HIV

The only way to know if you have HIV is to get tested.

Back to Top