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Heart Disease and Stroke

Find evidence-based information and recommendations related to Heart Disease and Stroke.

RatingResourceYearEvidence Type
Heart Disease and Stroke
Obesity Prevention and Control: Behavioral Interventions to Reduce Screen Time. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2013 Systematic Review
Heart Disease and Stroke
Obesity Prevention and Control: Technology-Supported Multicomponent Coaching or Counseling Interventions to Reduce Weight and Maintain Weight Loss. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2013 Systematic Review
Heart Disease and Stroke
Quality improvement strategies for hypertension management: a systematic review. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2012 Systematic Review
Heart Disease and Stroke
Recommendations for worksite-based interventions to improve workers' health. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2010 Systematic Review
Heart Disease and Stroke
A recommendation to improve employee weight status through worksite health promotion programs targeting nutrition, physical activity, or both. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2009 Systematic Review
Heart Disease and Stroke
The effectiveness of urban design and land use and transport policies and practices to increase physical activity: a systematic review. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2006 Systematic Review
Heart Disease and Stroke
The effectiveness of urban design and land use and transport policies and practices to increase physical activity: a systematic review. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2006 Systematic Review
Heart Disease and Stroke
Recommendations to increase physical activity in communities. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2002 Systematic Review
Heart Disease and Stroke
Recommendations to increase physical activity in communities. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2002 Systematic Review
Heart Disease and Stroke
Recommendations to increase physical activity in communities. (Community Guide Recommendation)
Community Preventive Services Task Force
2002 Systematic Review
 

The Healthy People 2020 evidence-based resources identified have been selected by subject matter experts at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Resources. Each of the selected evidence-based resources has been rated and classified according to a set of selection criteria based, in part, on publication status, publication type, and number of studies. This classification scheme does not necessarily consider all dimensions of quality, such as statistical significance, effect size (e.g., magnitude of effect), meaningfulness of effect, additional effect over control, and study design (e.g., sample size, power, internal validity, external validity, generalizability, potential biases, potential confounders).

 

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Clinical Recommendations

The following clinical recommendations come from the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) External Web Site Policy.

Aspirin for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends the use of aspirin for men age 45 to 79 years when the potential benefit due to a reduction in myocardial infarctions outweighs the potential harm due to an increase in gastrointestinal hemorrhage. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends the use of aspirin for women age 55 to 79 years when the potential benefit of a reduction in ischemic strokes outweighs the potential harm of an increase in gastrointestinal hemorrhage.

Behavioral Counseling in Primary Care to Promote a Healthy Diet

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends intensive behavioral dietary counseling for adult patients with hyperlipidemia and other known risk factors for cardiovascular and diet-related chronic disease. Intensive counseling can be delivered by primary care clinicians or by referral to other specialists, such as nutritionists or dietitians. Learn more External Web Site Policy

Screening for High Blood Pressure in Adults

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for high blood pressure in adults aged 18 and older. Learn more External Web Site Policy

Screening for Lipid Disorders in Adults

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening men aged 20 to 35 for lipid disorders if they are at increased risk for coronary heart disease. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening women aged 20 to 45 for lipid disorders if they are at increased risk for coronary heart disease. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) strongly recommends screening men aged 35 and older for lipid disorders. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) strongly recommends screening women aged 45 and older for lipid disorders if they are at increased risk for coronary heart disease.

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Consumer Information

The following consumer resources are from healthfinder.gov.

Losing Weight: Conversation starters

Talking with a friend or family member about losing weight can be hard. If you want to help a loved one reach a healthy weight, these tips can help you get the conversation started.

Heart Healthy Foods: Shopping list

Use this list the next time you go food shopping to help you choose heart healthy foods.

Drink Alcohol Only in Moderation

If you choose to drink alcohol, have only a moderate amount. This means no more than 1 drink a day for women and 2 drinks a day for men.

Talk with Your Doctor about Taking Aspirin Every Day

Taking aspirin every day can lower your risk of heart attack or stroke.

Get Your Blood Pressure Checked

Check your blood pressure at least every 2 years starting at age 18.

Get Your Cholesterol Checked

If your cholesterol is high, you can take steps to lower it.

Eat Healthy

Your body needs the right vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients to stay healthy.

Get Active

Physical activity increases your chances of living a longer, healthier life. It can also help you look and feel your best.

Watch Your Weight

To stay at a healthy weight, balance the calories you eat with the calories you burn (use up). If you need to lose weight, start by setting small goals.

Learn First Aid

Plan ahead for injuries and emergencies.

Men: Take Charge of Your Health

You can lower your risk of serious health problems by making small changes. Start by asking a doctor which screening tests you need this year.

Reduce Your Risk of Stroke

You can help prevent stroke. Find out about the 6 most important steps you can take to lower your risk of stroke.

Keep Your Heart Healthy

Take steps today to reduce your risk of heart disease.

Eat Less Sodium: Quick tips

Use these tips to help reduce the amount of sodium (salt) in your diet. Most people eat much more sodium than they need.

Low Sodium Foods: Shopping list

Use this list the next time you go food shopping to help you choose foods low in sodium (salt). Most people eat much more sodium than they need.

Heart Health: Conversation starters

Use these tips to talk to a loved one about making heart healthy changes.

Alcohol Use: Conversation starters

It takes courage to talk to a family member or friend about a drinking problem. Use these tips to help you start the conversation.

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