PA-7 Increase the proportion of school districts that require or recommend elementary school recess for an appropriate period of time

National Data Source
School Health Policies and Practices Study (SHPPS); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (CDC/NCHHSTP)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Baseline (Year)
61.5 (2006)
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Number of districts that require that elementary school provide students with regularly scheduled recess for 20 minutes or more
Number of districts (538)
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2006 School Health Policies and Programs Study:


Does your district require or recommend that elementary schools provide students with regularly scheduled recess?

  • Require
  • Recommend
  • Neither

How many minutes per day of recess are required or recommended for elementary school students?

  • Less than 10 minutes per day
  • 10 to 19 minutes per day
  • 20 to 29 minutes per day
  • 30 or more minutes per day
  • No specified time requirements or recommendations
Data Collection Frequency
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Not applicable


Methodology Notes

An appropriate period of time that school districts required or recommended was 20 minutes or more of recess per day.