OA-5 Reduce the proportion of older adults who have moderate to severe functional limitations

National Data Source
Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey (MCBS); Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
percent (age adjusted—see Comments)
Baseline (Year)
29.3 (2007)
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Number of survey respondents aged 65 and over with 1 or more ADL limitations OR living in a long-term care facility
Number of survey respondents aged 65 and over
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2007 Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey:


Because of a health or physical problem, do you have any difficulty with the following?

  • Bathing or showering?
  • Dressing?
  • Eating?
  • Getting in or out of bed or chairs?
  • Walking?
  • Using the Toilet?
Data Collection Frequency
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Not applicable


Methodology Notes

Long-term care facility residents are assumed to have at least 1 ADL limitation and are therefore included under this objective as having a moderate to severe functional limitation.

Age Adjustment

This Indicator uses Age-Adjustment Groups:

  • Race/Ethnicity: 65-74, 75-84, 85+
  • Sex: 65-74, 75-84, 85+
  • Total: 65-74, 75-84, 85+
Caveats and Limitations
The estimate for the age group "aged 65 years and over" is age-adjusted.
Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

The original baseline was revised from 28.3 to 29.3 due to a change in programming. The target was adjusted from 25.5 to 26.4 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.