NWS-8 Increase the proportion of adults who are at a healthy weight

National Data Source
National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
No
Measure
percent (age adjusted—see Comments)
Baseline (Year)
30.8 (2005-2008)
Target
33.9
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of persons aged 20 years and over with a BMI equal to or greater than 18.5 and less than 25.0
Denominator
Number of persons aged 20 years and over
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective

Comments

Methodology Notes

The NHANES obtains measured weights in an examination gown and heights without shoes. BMI is calculated by dividing weight in kilograms by the square of height in meters.

The selection of a BMI cut point to establish the healthy weight range is based on the relationship of overweight or obesity to disease or death. A BMI of less than 25 has been accepted by numerous groups as the upper limit of the healthy weight range, because more disease occurs in most populations at or above this cut point. The lower cut point for the healthy weight range (BMI of 18.5) was selected to be consistent with national and international recommendations.

Pregnant women are excluded from the numerator and denominator.

Age Adjustment

This Indicator uses Age-Adjustment Groups:

  • Total: 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
  • Sex: 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
  • Race/Ethnicity: 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
  • Education Level: 25-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
  • Family Income Level: 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
  • Country of Birth: 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
  • Disability Status: 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
  • Health Insurance Status: 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-64
  • Chronic Conditions: 20-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
  • Marital Status: 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+
  • Veteran Status: 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80+

References and More Information

  1. National Institutes of Health. Clinical guideline on the identification, evaluation and treatment of overweight and obesity in adults - The Evidence Report. NIH. Obesity Research 6 (Suppl. 2):51S-209S, 1998.
  2. U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). Dietary Guidelines for Americans. 5th ed. USDA Home and Garden Bulletin No. 232, 2000.
  3. World Health Organization (WHO) Expert Committee. Physical Status: The Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry. Report of a WHO Expert Committee. WHO Technical Report Series: 854, 1992. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, 1995.