NWS-13 Reduce household food insecurity and in doing so reduce hunger

National Data Source
Current Population Survey (CPS); U.S. Census Bureau and Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics (Census and DOL/BLS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
No
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
14.6 (2008)
Target
6.0
Target-Setting Method
Retention of Healthy People 2010 target
Numerator
Number of U.S. households classified as food insecure (including low food security and very low food security) over a 12-month period
Denominator
Number of U.S. households in December
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2008 Food Security Supplement to the Current Population Survey:

[NUMERATOR:]

(I/we) worried whether (my/our) food would run out before (I/we) got money to buy more. Was that often, sometimes, or never true for you in the last 12 months?

  1. Often
  2. Sometimes
  3. Never

The food that (I/we) bought just didn't last, and (I/we) didn't have money to get more. Was that often, sometimes or never true for you in the last 12 months?

  1. Often
  2. Sometimes
  3. Never

(I/we) couldn't afford to eat balanced meals. Was that often, sometimes, or never true for you in the last 12 months?

  1. Often
  2. Sometimes
  3. Never

In the last 12 months, did you or other adults in your household ever cut the size of your meals or skip meals because there wasn't enough money for food?

  1. Yes
  2. No

[If yes:]

How often did this happen - almost every month, some months but not every month, or in only 1 or 2 months?

  1. Almost every month
  2. Some months but not every month
  3. In only 1 or 2 months

In the last 12 months, did you ever eat less than you felt you should because there wasn't enough money for food?

  1. Yes
  2. No

In the last 12 months, were you ever hungry but didn't eat because there wasn't enough money for food?

  1. Yes
  2. No

In the last 12 months, did you lose weight because there wasn't enough money for food?

  1. Yes
  2. No

In the last 12 months, did you or other adults in your household ever not eat for a whole day because there wasn't enough money for food?

  1. Yes
  2. No

[If yes:]

How often did this happen - almost every month, some months but not every month, or in only 1 or 2 months?

  1. Almost every month
  2. Some months but not every month
  3. In only 1 or 2 months

(I/we) relied on only a few kinds of low-cost food to feed the children because (I was/we were) running out of money to buy food. Was that often, sometimes, or never true for you in the last 12 months?

  1. Often
  2. Sometimes
  3. Never

(I/we) couldn't feed the children a balanced meal because (I/we) couldn't afford that. Was that often, sometimes, or never true for you in the last 12 months?

  1. Often
  2. Sometimes
  3. Never

The children were not eating enough because (I/we) just couldn't afford enough food. Was that often, sometimes, or never true for you in the last 12 months?

  1. Often
  2. Sometimes
  3. Never

In the last 12 months, did you ever cut the size of any of the children's meals because there wasn't enough money for food?

  1. Yes
  2. No

In the last 12 months, were the children ever hungry but you just couldn't afford more food?

  1. Yes
  2. No

In the last 12 months, did any of the children ever skip a meal because there wasn't enough money for food?

  1. Yes
  2. No

[If yes:]

How often did this happen - almost every month, some month but not every month, or in only 1 or 2 months?

  1. Almost every month
  2. Some months but not every month
  3. In only 1 or 2 months

In the last 12 months, did any of the children ever not eat for a whole day because there wasn't enough money for food?

  1. Yes
  2. No
/ol>
Data Collection Frequency
Annual
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective

Comments

Methodology Notes

The U.S. Household Food Security Survey Module is a set of 18 questions developed in the early 1990s by an interagency working group led jointly by USDA's Food and Nutrition Service and HHS's National Center for Health Statistics. Three of the questions ask about food conditions in the household as a whole, seven ask about food conditions among adults in the household or the adult respondent, and eight ask about food conditions among children (if any) in the household. All of the questions in the module focus explicitly on food inadequacy and insufficiency that result from inadequate household resources. Other sources of food insecurity, such as child abuse or neglect are not identified by the measure.

The Food Security Supplement questions are administered to about 45,000 households as part of an annual Food Security Supplement to the monthly, nationally representative Current Population Survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. The supplement has been conducted annually since 1995.

A statistical analysis of the survey responses identified a set of 18 core questions that were used to identify households that were food insecure at least some time during the year. Households are classified as food secure if none of the questions were answered affirmatively or if only one or two questions were answered affirmatively. If three or more questions are answered affirmatively, the household is classified as food insecure. Answers of "yes," "often," or "sometimes" are considered affirmative.

References and More Information

  1. Bickel, G.; Nord, M.; Price, C.; et al. Guide to Measuring Household Food Security. Revised 2000. Alexandria, VA: USDA, Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), 2000.
  2. Hamilton, W.L.; et al. Household Food Security in the United States in 1995: Technical Report of the Food Security Project. Washington DC: Office of Analysis and Evaluation, Food and Consumer Service, USDA, 1997b.
  3. Hamilton, W.L.; et al. Household Food Security the United States in 1995: Summary Report of the Food Security Project. Washington DC: Office of Analysis and Evaluation, Food and Consumer Service, USDA, 1997a.