IVP-38 Reduce nonfatal child maltreatment

National Data Source
National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS); Administration for Children and Families (ACF)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
per 1,000 
Baseline (Year)
9.4 (2008)
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Number of persons under 18 years of age reported and confirmed to be victims of nonfatal maltreatment by State child welfare agencies
Persons under 18 years of age
Data Collection Frequency
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Adapted from HP2010 objective


Methodology Notes

Nonfatal maltreatment is defined as an act or failure to act by a parent, caretaker, other person, as defined under State law, which results in serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation, or an act or failure to act that presents an imminent risk of serious harm. State definitions may include additional criteria.

A child is considered to have been a victim of maltreatment if a “substantiated,” “indicated,” or “alternative response victim” disposition was recorded.

These are case-level data reported in the Child File and, therefore, are a subset of all children reported.

Victims with an unknown age, including unborn children, are excluded.

Trend Issues
The number of reporting states varies from year to year. 2008 and 2009: 49 states excluding ND, OR. 2010 and 2011: 50 states excluding OR.
Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

The methodology was revised to now exclude children of unknown age and unborns, but this did not impact the baseline or target display values.