IVP-37 Reduce child maltreatment deaths

National Data Source
National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS); Administration for Children and Families (ACF)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
per 100,000 
Baseline (Year)
2.3 (2008)
Target
2.1
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of reported child fatalities due to maltreatment among persons under 18 years of age
Denominator
Persons under 18 years of age
Data Collection Frequency
Annual
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Adapted from HP2010 objective

Comments

Methodology Notes

Child fatality due to maltreatment is defined as the death of a child as a result of abuse or neglect, because either (a) an injury resulting from the abuse or neglect of a child was the cause of the death, or (b) abuse and/or neglect were contributing factors to the cause of death. Data on child fatalities are collected from all states; some state offices of child protective services work closely with health departments or the coroner’s office, whereas others rely more on their own records, including deaths reported to them by law enforcement. Only those fatalities that were known to CPS and reported in the Child File are included in these analyses.

These are case-level data reported in the Child File and, therefore, are a subset of all child fatalities.

Fatalities of an unknown age, including unborn children, are excluded.

Trend Issues
The number of reporting states varies from year to year. 2008: 42 states excluding AK, CA, ME, MA, NH, NC, ND, OR, WA. 2009: 43 states excluding AK, CA, ME, MA, NC, ND, OR, WA. 2010: 43 states excluding AK, CA, ME, MA, NC, NH, OR, WA. 2011: 44 states excluding AK, CA, ME, MA, NC, OR, WA.
Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

The original baseline was revised from 2.4 to 2.3 due to a change in the methodology. Children of unknown age and unborns are now excluded. The target was adjusted from 2.2 to 2.1 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.