IVP-16.1 Increase age-appropriate vehicle restraint system use in children aged 0 to 12 months

National Data Source
National Survey on the Use of Booster Seats (NSUBS); Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (DOT/NHTSA)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
No
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
86 (2008)
Target
95
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of children aged 0 to 12 months observed in rear-facing child safety seats
Denominator
Number of children aged 0 to 12 months
Data Collection Frequency
Biennial
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Adapted from HP2010 objective

Comments

Methodology Notes

NSUBS uses observational data collected at a probability sample of gas stations, day care centers, recreation centers, and restaurants in five national fast-food chains across the United States. The choice of these types of data collection sites stems from the necessity of observing restraint use from a close range in a slow-moving or stopped vehicle (as is required in order to distinguish a seat belt being used in conjunction with a backless booster seat from a seat belt being used alone), combined with the desire to capture large numbers of children.

Caveats and Limitations
NHTSA recommends that infants should be kept in rear-facing child safety seats in the back seat until a minimum of age 1 and at least 20 pounds, but preferably not until they have reached the manufacturer’s height or weight limit. Due to the limited sample size of this study, restraint type use could not be analyzed simultaneously by the age and weight requirements.

References and More Information

  1. http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811132.PDF
  2. U. S. Department of Transportation (DOT). National Highway Transportation Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Center for Statistics and Analysis. Child Restraint Use in 2008 – Use of Correct Restraint Types. Traffic Safety Facts. Research Note DOT HS 811 132. May 2009.