Poisoning is defined as ingestion, inhalation, injection, or cutaneous absorption of a drug, toxin (biologic or non-biologic), or other chemical agent in a quantity sufficient to cause a harmful effect. This category does not include harmful effects from normal therapeutic drugs (i.e., unexpected adverse effects to a drug administered correctly to treat a condition) or food poisoning.
NEISS does not use ICD codes. However, reporters are given extensive training and report any poisoning cases in the emergency department record. A detailed description of the methods for coding poisoning injuries has been published elsewhere.
Data by race are not reported because multiple race data are not typically available from the emergency department records.
This Indicator uses Age-Adjustment Groups:
In 2013, rates for 2008 and 2009 were revised using intercensal population estimates based on the 2000 and 2010 censuses instead of the postcensal estimates for the denominator. The original baseline was revised from 304.4 to 304.8. The target was adjusted from 304.4 to 304.8 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.