IVP-10 Prevent an increase in nonfatal poisonings

National Data Source
National Electronic Injury Surveillance System-All Injury Program (NEISS-AIP); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control and Consumer Product Safety Commission (CDC/NCIPC and CPSC)
Population Estimates; U.S. Census Bureau (Census)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
per 100,000 (age adjusted—see Comments)
Baseline (Year)
304.8 (2008)
Target
304.8
Target-Setting Method
Maintain the baseline value.
Numerator
Number of initial hospital emergency department visits for nonfatal poisonings
Denominator
Number of persons
Data Collection Frequency
Annual
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Adapted from HP2010 objective

Comments

Methodology Notes

Poisoning is defined as ingestion, inhalation, injection, or cutaneous absorption of a drug, toxin (biologic or non-biologic), or other chemical agent in a quantity sufficient to cause a harmful effect. This category does not include harmful effects from normal therapeutic drugs (i.e., unexpected adverse effects to a drug administered correctly to treat a condition) or food poisoning.

NEISS does not use ICD codes. However, reporters are given extensive training and report any poisoning cases in the emergency department record. A detailed description of the methods for coding poisoning injuries has been published elsewhere.

Data by race are not reported because multiple race data are not typically available from the emergency department records.

Age Adjustment

This Indicator uses Age-Adjustment Groups:

  • Sex: 0-4, 5-9, 10-14, 15-19, 20-24, 25-29, 30-34, 35-39, 40-44, 45-49, 50-54, 55-59, 60-64, 65-69, 70-74, 75-79, 80-84, 85+
  • Total: 0-4, 5-9, 10-14, 15-19, 20-24, 25-29, 30-34, 35-39, 40-44, 45-49, 50-54, 55-59, 60-64, 65-69, 70-74, 75-79, 80-84, 85+
Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

In 2013, rates for 2008 and 2009 were revised using intercensal population estimates based on the 2000 and 2010 censuses instead of the postcensal estimates for the denominator. The original baseline was revised from 304.4 to 304.8. The target was adjusted from 304.4 to 304.8 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

References and More Information

  1. Annest JL et. Al. A Training Module for Coding Mechanism and Intent of Injury for the NEISS All Injury Program. National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, CDC, Atlanta, GA. September 25, 2009.
  2. CPSC. Coding Manual for All Trauma NEISS. US Consumer Product Safety Commission, Bethesda, MD. January, 2007.