The primary objectives of NARMS are to:
- Monitor trends in antimicrobial resistance among foodborne bacteria from humans, retail meats, and animals
- Disseminate timely information on antimicrobial resistance to promote interventions that reduce resistance among foodborne bacteria
- Conduct research to better understand the emergence, persistence, and spread of antimicrobial resistance
- Assist the FDA in making decisions related to the approval of safe and effective antimicrobial drugs for animals
In 1997, surveillance for Campylobacter in NARMS began in sites participating in the Foodborne Disease Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet). There were 5 participating sites in 1997. Since 2003 10 FoodNet sites have been participating: California, Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, Maryland, Minnesota, New York, New Mexico, Oregon, and Tennessee. The 10 FoodNet sites represent about 98 million or 32% of the US population (US Census, 2010) Participating sites forward Participating sites forward a representative sample of Campylobacter isolates received at their public health laboratories to NARMS at CDC for susceptibility testing. Susceptibility testing involves determination of minimum inhibitory for 9 antimicrobial agents: azithromycin, ciprofloxacin, clindamycin, erythromycin, florfenicol, gentamicin, nalidixic acid, telithromycin, and tetracycline.