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MICH-1.7 Data Details

MICH-1.7 Reduce the rate of infant deaths related to birth defects (congenital heart defects)

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
per 1,000 live births 
Baseline (Year)
0.38 (2006)
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Number of infant (under age 1 year) deaths due to congenital heart (ICD-10 codes Q20-24) and vascular defects (ICD-10 codes Q25-Q28)
Number of live births
Data Collection Frequency
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

To create linked data files, death certificates are linked with corresponding birth certificates for infants who die in the U.S. before their first birthday. The linked file is used for calculating infant mortality rates by race and ethnicity because these variables are more accurately collected on the birth certificate than the death certificate.