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FS-5.4 Data Details

FS-5.4 Increase the proportion of consumers who follow the key food safety practice of “Chill: refrigerate promptly.”

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
Food Safety Survey; Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
No
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
88.1 (2006)
Target
91.1
Target-Setting Method
Projection/trend analysis
Numerator
The percent of consumers aged 18 years and older who report they follow the key food safety practice: Chill: Refrigerate promptly
Denominator
Number of practices measured among persons aged 18 years and older who prepare food (consumers)
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2006 Food Safety Survey:

[NUMERATOR:]

If you cook a large pot of soup, stew, or other food with meat or chicken and want to save it for the next day, when do you put the food in the refrigerator? Would it be (READ 1-3) . . .

  1. Immediately*
  2. After first cooling it at room temperature, or
  3. After first cooling it in cold water?*
  4. Do not cook such foods
  5. Would not refrigerate it

[If (2):] For about how long would you let it cool at room temperature? (DO NOT READ LIST)

  1. Less than 2 hours*
  2. 2 hours or more

How about if the soup or stew contains fish or shellfish instead of meat or chicken. If you want to save it for the next day, when do you put the food in the refrigerator? Would it be (READ 1-3)

  1. Immediately*
  2. After first cooling it at room temperature, or
  3. After first cooling it in cold water?*
  4. Do not cook such foods
  5. Would not refrigerate it

[If (2):] For about how long would you let it cool at room temperature (DO NOT READ LIST)

  1. Less than 2 hours*
  2. 2 hours or more

*RESPONSE IS CODED AS SAFE.

Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Not applicable
Changes Between HP2010 and HP2020
This objective differs from Healthy People 2010 objective 10-5 in that it tracks one of the four components of the Healthy People 2010 objective (Clean, Separate, Cook, and Chill). These components are tracked as separate objectives in Healthy People 2020 to more clearly show where progress is being made, or where more effort towards improvement is needed.

References

Additional resources about the objective.

  1. Food Safety Survey
    http://www.fda.gov/Food/FoodScienceResearch/ConsumerBehaviorResearch/ucm080374.htm
  2. Food Safety Survey (OMB Control Number 0910-0345-Reinstatement). Federal Register; 74:177. September 15, 2009. pp 47256-47257.