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FS-4 Data Details

FS-4 Reduce severe allergic reactions to food among adults with a food allergy diagnosis

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
Food Safety Survey; Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
No
Measure
percent 
Baseline (Year)
29.3 (2006)
Target
21.0
Target-Setting Method
Projection/trend analysis
Numerator
Number of persons 18 years and older with doctor-diagnosed food allergies who report an allergic reaction within the last 5 years and who report that the allergic reaction was severe (required the use of epinephrine, or treatment in a hospital or doctor’s office, or an overnight stay in a hospital)
Denominator
Number of persons 18 years and older with doctor-diagnosed food allergies
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2006 Food Safety Survey:

[NUMERATOR:]

Do you or does anyone who lives in your home with you currently have any food allergies, or does anyone suspect they have a food allergy?

  1. Yes (Go to M3)*
  2. No (Go to M2)
  3. Someone in household died from food allergy (Go to M1died, then skip to Section P)
  4. Don't know (Go to M2)
  5. Refused (Go to M2

Is it you or someone else who has the food allergy?

  1. Respondent only (Go to M2)*
  2. Other(s) in household (Go to M1a)
  3. Both (Codes 1 and 2) (Go to M1a)
  4. Someone in household died from food allergy (Go to M1died, then skip to Section P)
  5. Don't know (Go to M2)
  6. Refused (Go to M2)

Member chosen?

  1. Member 1
  2. Member 2
  3. Respondent

If you [allergic person] eat(s) any of this [these] food[s], which of these reactions do you [does allergic person] have?

Do you have [Does he/she have]. . . ?

Has a medical doctor diagnosed your/[allergic person's] condition as a food [latex] allergy?

  1. Yes*
  2. No (Go to M13 and skip M22, prescribed an epi kit)
  3. Don't know (Go to M13 and skip M22, prescribed an epi kit)
  4. Refused (Go to M13 and skip M22, prescribed an epi kit)

When was the last time you [allergic person had an allergic reaction to food, or had symptoms you [he/she] thought were caused by an allergic reaction (to food) ?

IF THE RESPONDENT DOES NOT REMEMBER A SPECIFIC LAST INSTANCE, PROBE: Do you think it was more than a year ago? More than 5 years ago? ?PROBE TO TRY TO GET A RESPONSE INTO A CATEGORY. FOR EXAMPLE, IF RESPONDENT SAYS "MORE THAN 4 YEARS AGO," ASK: Do you think it could have been as many as 6 years ago?

  1. Less than one month*
  2. One - 2 months*
  3. 3 - 6 months*
  4. 7 - 11 months*
  5. 1 - 2 years*
  6. 3 - 5 years*
  7. 6 - 9 years
  8. 10 - 14 years
  9. 15 - 19 years
  10. 20 years or more
  11. Never (Go to Section N)
  12. Don't know/Not sure (Go to Section N)
  13. Refused (Go to Section N)

Was epinephrine [EP eh NEF rin] used to treat this most recent reaction?

  1. Yes*
  2. No
  3. Does not recall specific instance (Go to Section N)
  4. Don't know
  5. Refused

Were you [was he/she] treated in a hospital or doctor's office for this reaction? Which?

  1. Yes, hospital*
  2. Yes, doctor's office (Go to M27)*
  3. No (Go to M27)
  4. Does not recall specific instance (Go to Section N)
  5. Don't know (Go to M27)
  6. Refused (Go to M27)

Did you/he/she have to stay overnight in the hospital?

  1. Yes*
  2. No
  3. Don't know
  4. Refused

*RESPONSE IS INCLUDED IN THE CALCULATIONS.

Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

The estimate for this measure is calculated by first defining a sub-sample of survey respondents who report a doctor-diagnosed food allergy. The percentage of this group that had an allergic reaction to food within the last 5 years and whose reaction required the use of epinephrine, or treatment in a hospital or doctor's office, or an overnight stay in a hospital is the numerator (questions M23 - M26). Weights are applied that adjust for probability of selection (the number of telephones in the house and the number of adults in the house) and that adjust the sample to census estimates on the characteristics of sex, race, and education.

References

Additional resources about the objective.

  1. Food Safety Survey
    http://www.fda.gov/Food/FoodScienceResearch/ConsumerBehaviorResearch/ucm080374.htm
  2. Food Safety Survey (OMB Control Number 0910-0345-Reinstatement). Federal Register; 74:177. September 15, 2009. pp 47256-47257.