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C-20.6 Data Details

C-20.6 Increase the proportion of adults aged 18 years and older who follow protective measures that may reduce the risk of skin cancer

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Health Interview Survey (NHIS); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics (CDC/NCHS)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Yes
Measure
percent (age adjusted—see Comments)
Baseline (Year)
67.0 (2008)
Target
73.7
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of persons aged 18 years and older who report that they are very likely to limit sun exposure, use sunscreen, or wear protective clothing
Denominator
Number of persons aged 18 years and older
Questions Used to Obtain the National Baseline Data

From the 2008 National Health Interview Survey Cancer Control Supplement:

[NUMERATOR:]

When you go outside on a warm sunny day for MORE than an hour, how often do you stay in the shade?

  1. Always
  2. Most of the time
  3. Sometimes
  4. Rarely
  5. Never
  6. Don't go out in the sun
  7. Refused
  8. Don't know

When you go outside on a warm sunny day for MORE than an hour, how often do you wear a hat that shades your face, ears AND neck such as a hat with a wide brim all around?

  1. Always
  2. Most of the time
  3. Sometimes
  4. Rarely
  5. Never
  6. Don't go out in the sun
  7. Refused
  8. Don't know

When you go outside on a warm sunny day for MORE than an hour, how often do you wear a long sleeved shirt?

  1. Always
  2. Most of the time
  3. Sometimes
  4. Rarely
  5. Never
  6. Don't go out in the sun
  7. Refused
  8. Don't know

When you go outside on a warm sunny day for MORE than an hour, how often do you wear long pants or other clothing that reaches your ankles?

  1. Always
  2. Most of the time
  3. Sometimes
  4. Rarely
  5. Never
  6. Don't go out in the sun
  7. Refused
  8. Don't know

When you go outside on a warm sunny day for MORE than an hour, how often do you use sunscreen?

  1. Always
  2. Most of the time
  3. Sometimes
  4. Rarely
  5. Never
  6. Don't go out in the sun
  7. Refused
  8. Don't know

What is the SPF number of the sunscreen you use most often?

  1. _____________
  2. More than one, different ones, other
  3. Refused
  4. Don't know

Is the SPF usually 1-14 or 15-50?

  1. 1-14
  2. 15-50
  3. Refused
  4. Don't know
Data Collection Frequency
Periodic
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Retained from HP2010 objective
Methodology Notes

For this indicator, a person is defined as following protective measures if the person answers "always" or “most of the time” to one or more of the questions, with the additional restriction of sunscreen SPF values of 15 or greater for the last question.

Age Adjustment

This Indicator uses Age-Adjustment Groups:

  • Total: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
  • Sex: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
  • Race/Ethnicity: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
  • Educational Attainment: 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
  • Family Income: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
  • Family Type: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
  • Country of Birth: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
  • Disability Status: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
  • Geographic Location: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+
  • Health Insurance Status: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64
  • Marital Status: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-64, 65+

Revision History

Any change to the objective text, baseline, target, target-setting method or data source since the Healthy People 2020 launch.

Description of Changes Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch

The original baseline was revised from 72.8 to 67.0 due to a change in methodology. The target was adjusted from 80.1 to 73.7 to reflect the revised baseline using the original target-setting method.

References

Additional resources about the objective.

  1. Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T., NCI
    http://cancercontrolplanet.cancer.gov