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AH-5.3.1 Data Details

AH-5.3.1 Increase the proportion of 4th grade students whose reading skills are at or above the proficient achievement level for their grade

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP); Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (ED/NCES)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
Baseline (Year)
33.0 (2009)
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Number of fourth graders scoring at the proficiency level or higher for grade level in the reading skills test administered by the National Assessment of Educational Progress
Number of fourth graders attending public or private schools
Data Collection Frequency
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Not applicable
Methodology Notes

The proficient achievement level is one of three National Assessment of Educational Progress (NEAP) achievement levels: basic, proficient, and advanced. Minimum cut-off scores are established for each achievement level by a standard setting process. The proficient achievement level represents solid academic performance for the grade level assessed.

The NAEP reading assessment measures the reading and comprehension skills of students in grades 4, 8, and 12 by asking them to read selected grade-appropriate passages and answer questions based on what they have read. The 2009 NAEP Reading Framework is based on the following definition of reading: Reading is an active and complex process that involves: understanding written text, developing and interpreting meaning, using meaning as appropriate to type of text, purpose, and situation.

Caveats and Limitations
Students are eligible for the National School Lunch Program (either free or reduced priced lunch) if their family income is at or below 185% if the poverty level. Data for English Language Learner cannot be generalized to the total population of English language learners--some students are unable to take the test. Students are classified by the school as having a disability. Students may have an individualized education plan (IEP) or a 504 plan. Data for students with disabilities cannot be generalized to the total population of disabled students--some students are unable to take the test.


Additional resources about the objective.

  1. The Nations Report Card…the official site for results from the National Assessment of Educational Progress