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AH-11.1 Data Details

AH-11.1 Reduce the rate of minor and young adult perpetration of violent crimes

About the Data

Description of the data source, numerator, denominator, survey questions, and other relevant details about the national estimate.

National Data Source
Uniform Crime Reporting Program (UCR); Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation (DOJ/FBI)
Changed Since the Healthy People 2020 Launch
No
Measure
per 100,000 
Baseline (Year)
444.0 (2008)
Target
399.6
Target-Setting Method
10 percent improvement
Numerator
Number of arrests of juveniles ages 10 – 17 and young adults ages 18 – 24 for crimes included in the Violent Crime Index (murder and non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault)
Denominator
Total number of juveniles ages 10 – 17 and young adults ages 18 – 24 in the residential population
Data Collection Frequency
Annual
Comparable Healthy People 2010 Objective
Not applicable
Methodology Notes

The FBI’s UCR Program is a nationwide, cooperative statistical effort of more than 17,000 city, university and college, county, state, tribal, and federal law enforcement agencies voluntarily reporting data on crimes brought to their attention. The Violent Crime Index includes the following offenses: Murder and non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. These are Part I offenses and are serious crimes by nature and/or volume.

The UCR Program uses the following method to estimate crime in the case of missing reports at the Metropolitan Statistical Area, state, and national levels. For agencies that did not report data, the UCR Program staff assign the same percental crime volumes based on the crime statistics of similar areas within a state. The UCR Program staff consider the size of an agency, type of jurisdiction, and geographic location in the estimation process. The UCR Program staff use a similar procedure for estimating the number of arrests for the Nation.

Caveats and Limitations
Arrest statistics are a measure of flow into the justice system. They report the number of arrests that law enforcement agencies make in a given year but do not represent the number of individuals arrested or the number of crimes committed. In addition, arrests are classified by the most serious offense charged in that arrest using a defined hierarchical system.
Trend Issues
In 2008, law enforcement agencies active in the UCR Program represented 94.9 percent of the total population. The coverage amounted to 96.0 percent of the population in Metropolitan Statistical Areas, 87.6 percent of the population in cities outside metropolitan areas, and 90.0 percent of the population in nonmetropolitan counties. However, when the number of months for which reports were submitted is taken into consideration, the coverage indicator for 2008 was 76%. When the coverage indicator equals 100%, all law enforcement agencies report for all 12 months.