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Combating Youth Violence in Baltimore, Maryland Through Community Partnerships and Evidence-Based Interventions

Who's Leading the Leading Health Indicators? JHCPYV leverages community partnerships to deploy a community-wide youth violence prevention strategy.

Youth violence is a serious issue impacting many cities across the Nation. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention established the Academic Centers for Excellence (ACE) Program to help reduce youth violence in high-risk communities. One of those communities is Lower Park Heights in Baltimore, Maryland.

Baltimore consistently has one of the Nation’s highest homicide rates. In 2009, Baltimore had the fifth highest homicide rate in the nation. Homicide rates are particularly high for youth. Lower Park Heights was chosen as an intervention community because of its significant problems with youth violence.1

In 2011, ACE funded Johns Hopkins University Center for the Prevention of Youth Violence (JHCPYV) to implement evidence-based interventions in the Lower Park Heights community of Baltimore, Maryland.

JHCPYV leverages community partnerships to deploy a community-wide youth violence prevention strategy. Evidence-based interventions are implemented in schools and throughout the community to prevent youth violence. One of JHCPYV’s partners, Park Heights Renaissance, has been integral in carrying out the Safe Streets prevention strategy in the Lower Park Heights community. Safe Streets is a replication of Chicago’s Cure Violence program, formerly CeaseFire. It aims to develop non-violent conflict mediation skills and promote changes in cultural norms among youth in areas with high rates of gun violence.

Safe Streets was selected by JHCPYV for the Lower Park Height community because of its proven effectiveness in other Baltimore neighborhoods. Between 2007 and 2010, Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore evaluated the Safe Streets program in four of Baltimore’s most violent neighborhoods. Three of the four program sites experienced large, statistically significant, program-related reductions in homicides or non-fatal shootings.2 An evaluation in the Lower Park Heights community is currently being conducted by JHCPYV Comprehensive.

In addition to the work being done in Baltimore, ACE programs are implementing evidence-based interventions across the country in high-risk communities. To learn more about ACE programs, please visit: http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/ace/index.html

1 http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/ace/pdf/jhu-a.pdf [PDF–545 KB]

2 http://cureviolence.org/effectiveness/baltimore-safe-streets-evaluation/

Three teenage girls
Date Posted: 11/1/2013
Johns Hopkins University Center for the Prevention of Youth Violence 624 North Broadway
Baltimore, MD 21205
UNITED STATES
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Organization Mission: To prevent youth violence and promote positive youth development in Baltimore City by creating academic-community collaborations that extend, evaluate and improve efforts to: 1) monitor and detect fatal and non-fatal youth violence; 2) conduct research aimed at identifying malleable factors related to youth violence and research on interventions that reduce youth violence and associated morbidity and mortality; and 3) create policies and practices that prevent youth violence.
Organization Type: Educational Institution
Program Name: Johns Hopkins University Center for the Prevention of Youth Violence
624 North Broadway
Baltimore, MD 21205
UNITED STATES
Visit Website External Web Site Policy
Healthy People 2020 Topic Area(s) addressed: Injury and Violence Prevention
Healthy People 2020 Objective(s) addressed: IVP-29View Leading Health Indicators, IVP-30, IVP-31
Healthy People 2020 overarching goal addressed: Attain high-quality, longer lives free of preventable disease, disability, injury, and premature death.
Year: 2013

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