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Juvenile Residential Facility Census (JRFC)


The Juvenile Residential Facility Census (JRFC) collects information on the characteristics of public and private juvenile detention and correctional facilities that house delinquent and/or status offenders. Data are also collected about services offered; use of screenings or tests to determine resident needs; and conditions of confinement. The number of resident deaths in the preceding year and a census count on a given day are also collected.


Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (DOJ/OJJDP)

Data Years Available



Biennial in even-numbered years


Mail survey with mail, fax, and web-based reporting options.

Selected Content

Facility characteristics include size, structure, security, ownership and bed space. Service information includes health care, education, substance abuse and mental health treatment,

Population covered



Facilities included in the census are those which house persons under age 21 who were charged with or adjudicated for an offense. To be included in the census, residents must be present in the facility on the reference date because of that offense. JRFC does not capture data on adult prisons or jails, nor does it include facilities that are used exclusively for mental health or substance abuse treatment or for dependent children. Data are collected by mail canvass operations. U.S. Census Bureau project staff conduct all phases of data processing, corrections and tabulation. Data are provided by a representative of the juvenile residential facility who completes the JRFC questionnaire.

Response rate and sample size

Over 3,100 public and private juvenile detention and correctional facilities are included in the census.

Interpretation Issues



National Juvenile Corrections Data Resource Guide. National Archive of Criminal Justice Data. Available at: Accessed September 4, 2010.