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School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS)


The School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) is a sample survey of the nation's public schools designed to provide estimates of school crime, discipline, disorder, programs and policies. SSOCS is administered to public primary, middle, high, and combined school principals in the spring of even-numbered school years. Over 3,000 public school principals are selected to receive the SSOCS questionnaire. The SSOCS sample is large enough to provide national estimates of all public schools, while taking into account a number of factors, including the level of instruction, student enrollment size, and urbanicity.


Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (ED/NCES)

Data Years Available

2000, 2004, 2006, 2008


Biennial since 2004



Selected Content

Topics covered include: school practices and programs, parent and community involvement at school, school security, staff training, limitations on crime prevention, frequency of crime and violence at school, incidents reported to police or law enforcement, hate crimes and gang-related crimes, disciplinary problems and actions, and other school characteristics related to school crime.

Population covered

Public primary, middle, and high schools in the U.S.



Response rate and sample size


Interpretation Issues


References and related webpages. Accessed September 5, 2010.