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National TB Surveillance System (NTBSS)


The National TB Surveillance System collects information on each newly reported case of tuberculosis (TB) disease in the U.S. The program is a cooperative effort of CDC and state and local health departments, who report cases of TB to CDC.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (CDC/NCHHSTP)

Data Years Available





State tuberculosis (TB) programs report cases to CDC.

Selected Content

The initial case report includes demographic data, occupation, initial drug regimen, HIV status, substance abuse, homelessness, and residence in correctional or long term-care facilities. Follow up reports collect drug susceptibility results and reason therapy was stopped, in addition to other items.

Population covered

The U.S. population.


All reporting areas (the 50 states, the District of Columbia, New York City, Puerto Rico, and other U.S. jurisdictions in the Pacific and Caribbean) report TB cases to CDC using a standard case report form. Reported cases are verified according to the TB case definition for public health surveillance. Cases may be verified using the laboratory, the clinical case definition, or a provider diagnosis. Follow up reports collect information obtained after the initial case report has been submitted. Data are transmitted to CDC electronically, using CDC-supplied software.

Response rate and sample size

In 2008, 12,904 TB cases were reported to CDC.

Interpretation Issues



CDC. Reported Tuberculosis in the United States, 2008. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, CDC, September 2009. Accessed August 13, 2010.